Tough environmental supervision, not only does not have the possibility of loosening, but also will usher in a "chassis" change, including environmental protection. On November 20th, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment issued the "Notice on Coordinating the Reform of the Vertical Management System for Monitoring, Supervision and Enforcement of Ecological Environment Institutions below the Provincial Level". The redefinition of the relationship and the implementation of responsibility are the main lines of the reform.
The environmental protection has changed the "acceleration key" again. Recently, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment issued the "Notice on Coordinating the Reform of the Vertical Management System for Monitoring, Supervision and Enforcement of Ecological Environment Institutions below the Provincial Level", and completed the implementation of provincial environmental protection reforms by March 2019.
As a fundamental reform of the local environmental protection system, the environmental protection reform can be said to be one-stop. This is not only the adjustment of affiliation, but also the restructuring of basic systems such as environmental monitoring, monitoring, and law enforcement. It is a chassis reform of the environmental protection management system. Different from the general system reform, the environmental protection reform has not only moved the system, but also moved institutions and personnel, and involved the restructuring of environmental law enforcement, supervision, monitoring, and licensing. After the vertical pipe, the institutional affiliation has been adjusted, and the relationship between the local government level, the functions of the relevant government departments, and the internal responsibilities of the environmental protection system have also changed accordingly.
The "Notice" proposes that "focus on the adjustment of the 'horizontal' responsibilities of the eco-environmental departments, monitoring, supervision and law enforcement agencies and the staffing of the corresponding agencies, and accelerate the implementation of the environmental protection implementation plan." Specifically, the county-level environmental protection bureau will directly adjust It is directly dispatched by the Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau for the dispatched branch of the Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau. Its members and members of the leadership team are directly managed by the Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau. The provincial environmental protection departments will mainly supervise and inspect the assessment and assessment of environmental and environmental quality of cities and counties, and the environmental protection departments at the city and county levels should further focus on environmental law enforcement at the county level.
Simply put, the environmental monitoring and environmental monitoring functions are received at the provincial level. Correspondingly, the existing environmental supervision functions of the environmental protection departments at the city and county levels will be uniformly exercised by the provincial environmental protection departments, and environmental monitoring will be implemented through the deployment of municipal or inter-city and county areas. At the provincial level, the city's and county's environmental performance and responsibility will be “supervised”, and the city and county supervision will be transformed into law enforcement, mainly “supervising enterprises”. In this way, the environmental protection reform can be used to build a new environmental protection supervision system, supervise the city and county and relevant departments to strictly implement environmental responsibility, and focus on solving the three shortcomings of “hot and cold”.
Through the reform of the vertical pipe, the construction of the "local party committee government, the environmental protection department unified supervision, the relevant departments each perform their duties" will be constructed. In the future, the environmental law enforcement focus will be on the grassroots city, county, city and county environmental protection departments, the environmental supervision function will rise, and the provincial environmental protection department will exercise uniform. In this way, the authority and truth of the monitoring data can be guaranteed to a large extent, and the management mode with the environmental quality as the core is gradually constructed. This is also conducive to supervising and inspecting environmental problems across counties and districts. The streamlined staffing of environmental protection agencies at the city and county levels will also focus on enriching the frontline environmental law enforcement forces.
As for the effective allocation of people, finances and materials, it will undoubtedly be a difficult point for reform. To this end, the "Notice" puts forward "to further clarify the direction of reform, grasp the key points of reform, and promote the trinity of environmental protection and local institutional reform and comprehensive law enforcement reform, and ensure that the 'four outstanding problems' are solved through the reform." Great ecological and environmental protection pattern, establish a provincial “supervisory” system, rationalize the monitoring system and strengthen the construction of the law enforcement system. At the same time, the environmental supervision functions of the environmental protection departments at the city and county levels will be collected, and the provincial environmental protection departments will exercise them in a unified manner. The provincial environmental protection bureaus (bureaus) will implement environmental monitoring through the deployment of municipal or inter-city and county areas.
But in fact, as early as two years ago, the "Guiding Opinions on the Pilot Work on the Reform of the Vertical Supervision System for Monitoring, Supervision and Enforcement of Environmental Protection Agencies under the Provincial Level" was announced, which meant that the environmental protection reform was fully launched. This is also the first time that the top-level design has proposed and implemented a list of environmental responsibility. According to the timetable determined by the former Ministry of Environmental Protection, the “dipper” needs to complete the reform task within 2-3 years, that is, by 2020, the national environmental protection departments below the province will operate efficiently according to the new system. The industry pointed out that environmental protection will undoubtedly change the ills of some local environmental protection departments, "being both an athlete and a referee", and fundamentally improve the level of environmental monitoring.