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Development and Prospect of Renewable Energy Quota System and Green Power Certificate

Development and Prospect of Renewable Energy Quota System and Green Power Certificate

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  • Time of issue:2018-11-27
  • Views:18

(Summary description)Renewable energy power is characterized by carbon-free, clean, environmentally friendly and renewable. The development of renewable energy is an inevitable requirement of the global energy revolution and green and low-carbon development. China has promised to the world that in 2020 and 2030, China's non-fossil energy accounts for 15% and 20% of primary energy consumption respectively, and carbon emissions peaked in 2030. The establishment of a renewable energy quota system (hereinafter referred to as the "quota system") and the green power certificate (hereinafter referred to as "green card") trading system is precisely the promotion of renewable energy development, the promotion of energy system reform, and the realization of non-fossil energy consumption targets. Important way.

Development and Prospect of Renewable Energy Quota System and Green Power Certificate

(Summary description)Renewable energy power is characterized by carbon-free, clean, environmentally friendly and renewable. The development of renewable energy is an inevitable requirement of the global energy revolution and green and low-carbon development. China has promised to the world that in 2020 and 2030, China's non-fossil energy accounts for 15% and 20% of primary energy consumption respectively, and carbon emissions peaked in 2030. The establishment of a renewable energy quota system (hereinafter referred to as the "quota system") and the green power certificate (hereinafter referred to as "green card") trading system is precisely the promotion of renewable energy development, the promotion of energy system reform, and the realization of non-fossil energy consumption targets. Important way.

  • Categories:News
  • Author:
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2018-11-27
  • Views:18
Information
Renewable energy power is characterized by carbon-free, clean, environmentally friendly and renewable. The development of renewable energy is an inevitable requirement of the global energy revolution and green and low-carbon development. China has promised to the world that in 2020 and 2030, China's non-fossil energy accounts for 15% and 20% of primary energy consumption respectively, and carbon emissions peaked in 2030. The establishment of a renewable energy quota system (hereinafter referred to as the "quota system") and the green power certificate (hereinafter referred to as "green card") trading system is precisely the promotion of renewable energy development, the promotion of energy system reform, and the realization of non-fossil energy consumption targets. Important way.Important way.
 
I. International experience  experiencenational experience  experience
 
(1) The quota system and the green certificate transaction are important means to promote the healthy development of renewable energy
 
The renewable energy quota system refers to the government's mandatory regulation of the market share of renewable energy power through laws and regulations. The responsible party that has not completed the quota obligation needs to pay the corresponding fine to achieve the purpose of increasing the proportion of renewable energy utilization. . In the international arena, the green card trading system is usually used as an important supporting system for the quota system. The government needs to issue a green certificate to the renewable energy power generation enterprise corresponding to the amount of on-grid electricity. The quota obligation entity can prove the completion of the quota by purchasing a green certificate from the power generation enterprise. aims. The purpose of introducing the green certificate transaction mainly includes two aspects: First, the quota responsibility entity is more flexible in completing the quota method. Due to the volatility of renewable energy resources and the uneven development between regions, and the quota system is a single administrative means with strong appraisal standards, the introduction of market-based transactions can provide diversification for quotas. The second choice is to promote the development of renewable energy technologies by discovering prices through the market. Compared with the fixed electricity price system to provide fixed subsidies through administrative means, the green card transaction mainly provides additional income for renewable energy through market means, and its price is formed by the market, which is conducive to promoting the progress of renewable energy technology and cost.echnology and cost. echnology and cost.e
 
At present, quota systems have been implemented in more than 20 countries including the United Kingdom, Australia, Sweden, Japan, and South Korea, as well as 29 states in the United States and Washington, DC. The main body responsible for compulsory quotas, some are power sales companies (such as most states in the United States, the United Kingdom), and some are power generation companies (such as South Korea). International experience shows that the quota system and the green certificate transaction are one of the important means to promote the sustainable and healthy development of the renewable energy industry. The UK began to implement the quota system in 2002. By the end of 2017, the proportion of renewable energy power generation has increased from less than 2% to more than 25%. Most of the states that implemented the quota system successfully completed the quota obligation on schedule, which greatly promoted The development of wind power and solar power industry; Since the implementation of the quota system in Korea in 2012, the installed capacity of solar power has increased by more than 100% for three consecutive years, and it has quickly become the third largest photovoltaic market in Asia after China and Japan.
 
(2) Voluntary subscription of green certificates is an important way for the public to practice environmental public welfare activities
 
In addition to compulsory trading of green certificates, individuals and companies with financial sustainability and environmental awareness can purchase green certificates on a voluntary basis to support the development of renewable energy. At present, dozens of countries and regions such as the United States, Japan, and the European Union provide voluntary trading channels for green certificates. In countries such as Europe and the United States, the consumption of green power has become a common practice, and has become an important way for the public to practice environmental public welfare activities. Internationally renowned companies attach great importance to the consumption of green power. As of the end of 2017, more than 122 companies worldwide have committed to achieving 100% renewable energy use in the future.
 
Second, the development of China's quota system and green card transaction
 
(1) The quota system will be introduced soon
 
China has repeatedly studied the implementation plan of the quota system. In recent years, the state has mentioned “researching and formulating renewable energy power quotas several times” in a series of important policy documents such as “Decision on Accelerating the Cultivation and Development of Strategic Emerging Industries” and “Energy Development Strategic Action Plan (2014-2020)”. system". In November 2017, the National Development and Reform Commission and the National Energy Administration jointly issued the “Implementation Plan for Solving the Problem of Abandoning Water, Abandoning Wind and Abandoning Light”, and proposed to implement quotas as an important institutional measure to solve the problem of “three abandonment”. At present, the "Renewable Energy Power Quota and Assessment Measures" has completed the first solicitation of opinions and is expected to be introduced before the end of 2018. The quota system is a major, complex and wide-ranging policy in the renewable energy industry. It is expected that the introduction of the quota will promote the healthy development of the renewable energy industry from various aspects such as consumption, operation and subsidies.
 
1. Responsibility for renewable energy consumption of local governments and market entities will be clarified. At present, China's non-fossil energy consumption target and renewable energy planning target only stay at the central planning level, and the responsibility and obligations of local governments and market entities in the development of renewable energy are not clear enough. The quota system establishes the proportion of renewable energy consumption by provinces and assesses the completion of quota obligations of market entities, which can significantly improve the development of local governments and market entities and the enthusiasm of consumption of renewable energy.
 
2. Promote the effective implementation of the full-guarantee acquisition policy for renewable energy. China has introduced a full-guaranteed acquisition policy for renewable energy, but it still lacks relevant supporting policies. The introduction of the quota system can provide a powerful starting point for the implementation of the full-guaranteed acquisition policy for renewable energy, and guarantee the priority generation of renewable energy.
 
3. Accelerate the subsidy of new energy tariffs. With the development of new energy scale, the demand for new energy subsidies has grown rapidly. Through the implementation of the quota system and the green card trading system, new energy-generating enterprises can be given additional economic compensation, thereby effectively reducing the demand for subsidy funds and promoting the new energy to accelerate the realization of affordable Internet access.
 
(II) The initial results of the voluntary subscription of the Green Card
 
China implements a fixed electricity price policy for renewable energy. The on-grid tariff is determined by the government. The government's pricing is higher than that of the local coal-fired benchmark price, which is subsidized by the renewable energy fund. With the support of the national electricity price subsidy policy, China's renewable energy industry has developed rapidly and played an important role in increasing the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption. However, with the development of China's economy, the public's awareness of environmental protection has gradually increased. The way in which the whole society's power users generally levy renewable energy subsidies according to uniform standards cannot reflect the differences in understanding of green and environmental protection among different enterprises and different individuals. While socially responsible companies and individuals are willing to support renewable energy development, they do not have authoritative channels for individual support.
 
In order to guide the whole society to consume green power, improve the subsidy mechanism for wind power and photovoltaic power generation, and broaden the sources of renewable energy subsidy funds, in January 2017, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance, and the Energy Bureau jointly issued a “Green Energy for Trial Implementation”. Notice on the issuance of the power certificate and the voluntary subscription transaction system (Development and Reform Energy [2017] No. 132), it is clear that the green card voluntary subscription system will be piloted nationwide from July 2017.
 
By the end of July 2018, the cumulative number of issued green certificates in China had reached 22.88 million, the cumulative number of subscriptions was nearly 30,000, and the reduction of renewable energy subsidies was about 5 million yuan. From the perspective of the green card subscription party, it includes not only China's new energy manufacturing industry, government agencies, Internet companies, multinational energy-using enterprises and international research institutions, but also the public from all walks of life. They practice green consumption concepts with practical actions. It is a veritable green power consumer pioneer.
 
Judging from the overall situation of the trial, the voluntary subscription of China's green certificate has achieved initial results. First, the establishment of a green card issuance system to concretely address the environmental benefits of clean energy and effectively release the potential for renewable energy development. Second, the establishment of a green card voluntary subscription system provides new options for energy consumers, adhering to green consumption. The concept and the society that cares about green development provide convenient channels. Third, it has accumulated rich experience in system implementation, creating favorable conditions for the next comprehensive implementation of the green certificate trading system.
 
Third, the situation and prospects
 
At present, China's renewable energy technology continues to improve, electricity prices have declined rapidly, and the main challenges of promoting wind power and photovoltaic parity online have gradually changed to improve the external environment. The implementation of the quota system and the compulsory trading of green certificates, the main purpose of this stage is to solve the problem of renewable energy consumption, while replacing a small number of subsidies, and simultaneously implementing the voluntary subscription of green certificates as a supplement to the source of renewable energy subsidies.
 
In the future, as renewable energy power generation enters the era of cheap Internet access, China's green card compulsory trading and green card voluntary subscription will eventually be unified, becoming a renewable energy consumption certificate, providing additional income for renewable energy power. By then, the price of the green card will drop sharply, and the space for the development of the green card market will be even broader.
 
Article link: China Environmental Protection Online http://www.hbzhan.com/news/Detail/127096.html
Article link: China Environmental Protection Online http://www.hbzhan.com/news/Detail/127096.html
Article link: China Environmental Protection Online http://www.hbzhan.com/news/Detail/127096.html
 
In the future, as renewable energy power generation enters the era of cheap Internet access, China's green card compulsory trading and green card voluntary subscription will eventually be unified, becoming a renewable energy consumption certificate, providing additional income for renewable energy power. By then, the price of the green card will drop sharply, and the space for the development of the green card market will be even broader.

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